Dec 05, 2023
3 mins read

The Tech and Science Behind Commercial Space Travel

Space travel has long been a dream of humanity, and in recent years, it has taken a giant leap towards becoming a reality for more people than just astronauts. Commercial space travel is on the horizon, with companies like SpaceX, Blue Origin, and Virgin Galactic leading the way. But how does it all work? What are the technologies and scientific principles that make it possible for regular folks to venture beyond Earth's atmosphere? In this blog, we will explore the tech and science behind commercial space travel in simple and plain language.

Rockets: The Backbone of Space Travel

At the heart of any space journey is the rocket. Rockets are vehicles specifically designed to operate in the vacuum of space. They work on the principle of Newton's Third Law of Motion, which states that for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. In the case of a rocket, the action is the expulsion of high-speed exhaust gases from the engine, which propels the rocket in the opposite direction.

Modern rockets are incredibly complex machines with multiple stages. The first stage ignites at liftoff and provides the initial thrust needed to escape Earth's gravity. Once the first stage is spent, it is jettisoned, and subsequent stages ignite to continue the journey into space.

Propellants: The Fuel for Space Travel

Rockets require two main components for fuel: a fuel source and an oxidizer. The combination of these two substances undergoes a chemical reaction in the rocket engine, producing the high-speed exhaust gases that propel the rocket.

Common rocket propellants include liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, which are used in the Space Shuttle and SpaceX's Falcon 9. Solid rocket boosters, like those used in the Space Shuttle's initial launch, use a mixture of fuel and oxidizer bound together in a solid form.

Escape Velocity: Breaking Free from Earth's Gravitational Pull

To leave Earth's gravitational influence, a rocket must reach a specific speed called escape velocity. This velocity varies depending on the planet or celestial body you want to escape from. For Earth, this velocity is approximately 11.2 kilometers per second (about 25,020 miles per hour).

Reaching this speed requires tremendous energy and precision, which is why rocket launches are meticulously planned and executed.

Microgravity: The Weightless Environment of Space

Once a spacecraft reaches space, it enters a microgravity environment. Contrary to popular belief, there is still some gravity in space, but it is significantly weaker than on Earth. This microgravity allows astronauts and space tourists to float freely inside the spacecraft.

Microgravity has fascinating effects on the human body, including muscle atrophy and bone density loss. Scientists are actively studying these effects to better prepare astronauts and space travelers for long-duration space missions.

Life Support Systems: Surviving in the Void

Space is a harsh environment. Without the protective cocoon of Earth's atmosphere, humans cannot survive. That's where life support systems come in. These systems provide astronauts with the essentials: oxygen, water, temperature control, and waste management. They ensure that space travelers can live and work safely in the vacuum of space.

Space Tourism: The Future of Commercial Space Travel

The tech and science behind commercial space travel are continuously evolving. Companies like SpaceX, Blue Origin, and Virgin Galactic are working tirelessly to make space tourism a reality for ordinary people. These companies are designing spacecraft that prioritize safety, affordability, and accessibility.


Commercial space travel is no longer the stuff of science fiction. It's a promising industry that combines advanced technology, scientific principles, and human curiosity. As the tech and science behind it continue to advance, we can expect more people to experience the wonder of space firsthand. The future of space travel is bright, and it's a journey that we can all look forward to.